Talpa europaea (Linnaeus 1758, extant) is the extant mole, a small burrowing mammal derived from Protictis and as sister to Herpestes (below). The large hand, enlarged with a finger-like centralia that extends like a pteroid along the medial axis, is anchored by huge muscles that arise from the anteriorly displaced scapula. The pelvic girdle is fused to an elongate sacrum. The tail is short. Herpestes and Talpa are among the few members of the Carnivora with a postorbital ring. Some (see yellow drawing above)indicates a long premaxilla. Actually the premaxilla is transverse in Talpa and those are large canines (in orange).
Herpestes ichneumon (Linneaus 1758; extant; 48-60cm in length) is the Egyptian mongoose. 9-10 teeth (x4) line the jaws with large carnassials. Derived from a sister to Protictis, Herpestes is a lower, shorter-legged ancestor to Procyon (above) with a relatively shorter rostrum.
Linnaeus C von 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.