Anagale gobiensis (Simpson 1931; early Oligocene; 30cm in length; AMNH 26079) was originally considered an insectivore, close to the tree shrewTupaia and tending to link to lemurs like Notharctus. Thirty years later McKenna 1963 argued against tupaioid affinities, but could not provide a more suitable nesting. Here Anagale nests with Maelestes at the base of the Tenreccetacea, the clade of tenrecs and whales. Rabbit-sized Anagale was three times larger than tiny Maelestes.
The teeth are typically worn and the claws were shovel-shaped, suggesting a diet of subterranean worms and beetles. The peculiar combination of large fissured claws of
the manus and distally spatulate unguals of the pes is very uncommon in mammals. The ectotympanic bulla protecting the middle ear bones is quite large, and so is the eardrum that it framed. One eardrum was larger than the other.